The construction of Hobart Town Hall was such an important symbolic event that a public holiday was declared for the laying of the foundation stone in 1864. Two years later, the completion of the building warranted another holiday, and a gala ball, “attended by almost every class in society”. The architect, Henry Hunter, is said to have based his design on Rome’s Farnese Palace, perhaps in the hope that it would signal a renaissance for the struggling colony. The building had to accommodate the council chambers, police offices, municipal court and State Library
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The first concert of Richard Goldner’s Musica Viva Ensemble at the Conservatorium of Music in Sydney on 8 December 1945 marked the birth of Australia’s Musica Viva organisation. The Sydney Musica Viva Ensemble did not visit Hobart until July 1950, when it presented a concert at the Town Hall. The highlight was a performance of Brahms’ Piano Quintet in F minor Op. 34, with the 23 year old pianist, Maureen Jones.
"Maureen Jones fully upheld the reputation she has gained as a young Australian concert pianist of excellence. She displayed a glorious rhythmic vitality in her work."
Mercury, 13 July 1950
The ensemble returned in October 1951, performing Dvorák’s Piano Quintet in A Major Op. 71 and quartets by Haydn and Schubert.
"It is, perhaps, preaching to the converted to remark that there ought not to have been one single empty seat when such a musical treat was provided."
Mercury, 22 October 1951
Shortly afterwards, the Musica Viva Ensemble was abandoned, dying “from lack of support” according to violinist Beryl Kimber. Musica Viva was resurrected in 1955, however, more or less as the national body it is today.
Hobart’s first regular series of chamber music concerts were arranged by a local group known as The Friends of Music, formed in 1957. The concert series was initiated as a result of a donation by Percy Grainger “for the enjoyment of public performance of music for small ensembles.” The group’s first concert, held in the Mayor’s Court Room, was presented by members of the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra playing in a variety of combinations such as the ‘Maurits Monas Quartet’ (Haydn’s String Quartet in G Major Op.77 No.1) and the ‘David Fox Quartet’ (Faure’s Piano Quartet No. 1 in C minor Op.15). The concert also included a Mozart wind divertimento and Glinka’s Trio Pathetique (clarinet, bassoon and piano).
The following year, the Friends of Music hosted the first international group, the Amadeus Quartet. For many years, the Hobart concerts were a collaborative effort between the local committee, the ABC and the Musica Viva Society of Australia. During the sixties, the concert seasons at the Town Hall generally consisted of three visiting international groups (courtesy Musica Viva) and two local chamber groups such as the Tasmanian String Quartet and Conservatorium Trio.
From somewhat shaky beginnings and with a chequered history, the story of Musica Viva’s involvement with chamber music in Hobart is one of strength and survival.
Notes: Brendan Lennard
Imagery: Cover of 1957 program and early logo; records of The Friends of Music,
Tasmanian Archives (Series NS461).
But 140 years ago, in October 1879, Hobart audiences were entertained by the first local performances of a Gilbert and Sullivan operetta – HMS Pinafore. The operetta was not the first of the famous partnership, but it was the first to achieve popular and lasting success. The Hobart performances, conducted by a small amateur group with piano accompaniment, took place less than eighteen months after the premiere at London’s Opéra Comique in May 1878.
The lead role of Captain Corcoran was sung by the Hobart tenor and choirmaster, Henry Hunter. Twelve years earlier, at the opening festivities of the New Town Hall in 1866, Hunter had been the soloist in Haydn’s Creation, singing in his own ‘creation’ – the beautiful building that he had designed. Not only was Hunter an outstanding architect, but he was also an accomplished musician who contributed so much to Hobart’s cultural life. To Henry Hunter, “then give three cheers … and one cheer more!”
Notes: Brendan Lennard
Photograph: Undated photograph of Henry Hunter.
Archives Tasmania PH30/1/1050
A touch hysterical, perhaps, but it wasn’t every day that Hobart was visited by someone as famous as Banjo Paterson. The author of The Man from Snowy River arrived in November, 1900, promising a rousing account of his Boer War adventures. Avid locals filled the Town Hall three nights running to hang on his every word. Paterson claimed to have seen ‘all the great events of the war’: the relief of Kimberley, the surrender of Cronje, the capture of Johannesburg, the entry into Pretoria and the surrender of Prinsloo. He must have been a busy man. Disappointingly, his lecture turned out to be a plodding account of the British generals he’d dined with. ‘Lord Roberts,’ for example, ‘was a very little man, who did not show his age much. As brisk and nimble as a man 20 years his junior, and a very good horseman.’ What his audiences thought of this is not recorded. Photograph courtesy of the Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office.
the Protestants wrote, ‘though we do not dare to invite you to come. For we know that your life will be in danger day and night while in Tasmania.’ It was a challenge the Reverend Charles Chiniquy could not resist. ‘Are we not soldiers of Christ,’ he replied, ‘and must we not be ready and willing to die for Him, as He did for us? I will go.’ Trouble followed Chiniquy around the world. It wasn’t just that he supported Protestantism and railed against the Catholic Church, he was a turncoat: a former Catholic priest in Canada who had been excommunicated for his outspoken views. As expected, armed protesters gatecrashed his Hobart Town Hall lecture in June, 1879, and a furious hand-to-hand fight ensued, causing damage to the building. The so-called Chiniquy Riot (or the Chiniquy Disturbance, depending on whose side you were on) would go down in history as the Town Hall’s most violent incident.
She was the most famous Irish singer of her day. Except that she wasn’t Irish. Born in 1870 in rural New South Wales, Molly Callaghan quickly established a local reputation singing at charity concerts. By her early twenties, she was touring the east coast of Australia under the stage name Marie Narelle. Celtic ballads were her specialty.
Her three concerts at Hobart Town Hall in 1902 were a triumph. The Mercury reported that, although “a liberal programme of twelve high-class numbers was provided, there were no fewer than eleven encore pieces. Twenty-three numbers in a single concert is surely unreasonable,” the paper objected, “... there is no knowing the limits of the encore-grasper.” Successful tours of Britain, America and New Zealand followed. “It is the Australian personality that has made the Australian voice,” Narelle explained. “We are a natural people ... free in all we do and say and think, and it is that freedom, I believe, that makes us good singers.”
Photograph courtesy of the Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office
“I cannot again too strongly impress upon you the necessity of avoiding anything screamy or noisy in tone. The Hall is a magnificent room for sound and a noisy organ would be a perfect abomination in it.”
The eminent London firm of J W Walker and Sons duly obliged and Hobart Town Hall’s new organ, paid for by public subscription, was first heard in March 1870. For about £950, the city had procured “an organ superior to any in the possession of neighbouring colonies, except New South Wales”. The Mercury confidently predicted that the instrument would lift the colony out of its “state of positive roughness” into a new era of cultural sophistication. However, organ music did not prove to be quite as popular as anticipated and the organ deteriorated. It was rebuilt by the Australian firm, George Fincham and Sons, in 1929, with a new Tasmanian blackwood case, and again in 1966-67 by the original makers. Sadly, the Town Hall organ remains under-utilized.
When peace was declared in November 1918, people flocked to the Town Hall to sing, dance and cheer. So many turned out that traffic was brought to a standstill. It was confirmation that, despite many ups and downs, the building retained its symbolic place in the people’s affections.
Photograph: Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office.
Dame Nellie Melba gave two sell-out performances at the Town Hall in 1909, at the height of her fame. Forty years later, finalists in the Mobil Quest began their Australian tour here. Among them was a young shorthand-typist from Sydney, Miss Joan Sutherland (pictured). After winning the competition the following year, she returned for a concert at the Town Hall before going on to England.
Photograph: The Joan Sutherland & Richard Bonynge Foundation
When the Town Hall was refurbished in the 1970s and ’80s, the original chandeliers, which had been dismantled and consigned to the basement half a century earlier, were recovered. Despite a Melbourne expert having declared them beyond repair, Lord Mayor, Doone Kennedy, personally raised the funds for their restoration and rehanging.
Chandelier photography: Michelle Kilpatrick